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DOCUMENT IS INTENDED PRIMARILY FOR USE IN THE UNITED KINGDOM. A SIMILAR DOCUMENT
INTENDED PRIMARILY FOR USE IN THE UNITED STATES IS AVAILABLE HERE.
DOCUMENT IS ALSO AVAILABLE IN pdf FORMAT FOR EASY PRINTING AT THIS SITE
EVERY MAN SHOULD KNOW ABOUT PROSTATE CANCER
By Stephen B. Strum, MD, FACP and Donna Pogliano, co-authors of
"A Primer on Prostate Cancer, The Empowered Patient's Guide"
with collaboration from UK resident, John Inchley
someone in your family had prostate cancer or breast cancer, then you are more
likely to get prostate cancer. Prostate cancer can have no signs, so it is important
that you should be tested every year from the age of 50.
Testing is done
in two parts:
- The PSA blood test. A PSA of 3 or more should be checked
to rule out cancer. A PSA that keeps rising, even if it is still below 3, should
also be checked. Prostate cancer is easier to deal with if it is caught early.
- The DRE (digital rectal exam). This is a simple test to feel and check the prostate.
If you are not given a DRE, you should ask for it to be done as it can help find
cancer that can be cured.
your test results need to be looked at to rule out cancer, the first steps should
To check your
free PSA percentage. A free PSA percentage over 25 can mean that there is a low
risk of cancer. A free PSA percentage of 15 or under can mean there is a high
To check you for an infection of the prostate, which can cause a raised PSA and
low free PSA. Treatment with an antibiotic for up to six weeks can help find out
if a raised PSA is not due to cancer.
To check for BPH. This can make PSA rise but does not give a low free PSA percentage.
BPH makes the prostate get bigger, and your doctor will notice this when the DRE